Friday, May 24, 2013

The Protest Game

- You know Professor Chomsky. He talks about the corruption of government and news media by money. The economic and political situation has worsened in the half century of his lecturing and writing. Now more people are listening. A popular movement is developing, he says, made up the privileged who float above the sea of propaganda. That is his phrase, by the way. The rest still believe what the government and news media tell them. When someone in the audience asks him what should we do, his answer is, a lot of things. It's up to you.*
- You don't like that he's not a man of action? You talk about a lot of same things.
- And don't do anything about them either.
- Why don't you?
- Social movements work upon people's anger and fear.
- And that's not what you guys do. Chomsky communicates information. You seem more interested in models. Are models useful to popular movements?
- Chomsky describes how wars are fought and violence spread in the interests of groups of people who use their wealth to control the government, how they are using their influence to make the rest poorer and themselves richer. They use violence, they take money. That makes people angry and afraid. What advantages would there be to describing the same class of wealthy in terms of how they play games and create monopolies?
- I'm asking.
- They want to play their game, make money. They don't want to change the world, except in order to make more money. They don't have what's called ideology. They have rules, but they pick them up and abandon them as time shows whether they make money. The government, in their control, is populated by members of their class. But as a separate sub-group, they have somewhat different interests: to protect the nation of money making as a whole they might wage wars that weaken the country economically but warn off economic competition. Even in the government there is no fixed program: rules are found and tried. Neither in government nor business does any one believe in free markets or monopoly capitalism. They would monopolize media of information, but don't have any interest in imposing particular ideas. They only want to go on playing the game.
- And win.
- And win. They are playing against the rest of us. Now what difference would it make to people to know their adversaries play games and only play games, and not simply be angry at and afraid of them?
- What?
- They might be able to see how they are different.
- If they are!
- They aren't when they depend on anger and fear to make their popular revolution. Passions are the material of monopoly and propaganda.^ The opposite to playing a game for its own sake, winning by any means including violence, is to try calmly whatever works, not for winning the game itself, but watching whether your life gets better or worse as a result.
- You'd rather popular movements make us into philosophers.
- Just a little.
Monopoly of opinionFrighten people who frighten each other and convey to each other the same supplied message that is able to be understood by someone frightened.  Marketplace monopolyProfit by creating and manipulating market panics and using that profit to influence government to policies that eliminate competition. See The Crowd Of Monopolists

Gene Sharp: From Totalitarianism To DemocracyThe Methods of Nonviolent Action:

The methods of nonviolent
protest and persuasion:

Formal statements
1. Public speeches
2. Letters of opposition or support
3. Declarations by organizations and institutions
4. Signed public statements
5. Declarations of indictment and intention
6. Group or mass petitions
communications with a wider audience
7. Slogans, caricatures, and symbols
8. Banners, posters, and displayed communications
9. Leaflets, pamphlets, and books
10. Newspapers and journals
11. Records, radio, and television
12. Skywriting and earthwriting
Group representations
13. Deputations
14. Mock awards
15. Group lobbying
16. Picketing
17. Mock elections
symbolic public acts
18. Display of flags and symbolic colors
19. Wearing of symbols
20. Prayer and worship
21. Delivering symbolic objects
22. Protest disrobings
23. Destruction of own property
24. Symbolic lights
25. Displays of portraits
26. Paint as protest
27. New signs and names
28. Symbolic sounds
29. Symbolic reclamations
30. Rude gestures
pressures on individuals
31. “Haunting” officials
32. Taunting officials
33. Fraternization
34. Vigils
Drama and music
35. Humorous skits and pranks
36. Performance of plays and music
37. Singing processions
38. Marches
39. Parades
40. Religious processions
41. Pilgrimages
42. Motorcades
honoring the dead
43. Political mourning
44. Mock funerals
45. Demonstrative funerals
46. Homage at burial places
public assemblies
47. Assemblies of protest or support
48. Protest meetings
49. Camouflaged meetings of protest
50. Teach-ins
Withdrawal and renunciation
51. Walk-outs
52. Silence
53. Renouncing honors
54. Turning one’s back
the methods of
social noncooperation
ostracism of persons
55. Social boycott
56. Selective social boycott
57. Lysistratic nonaction
58. Excommunication
59. Interdict
non cooperation with social events, customs, and institutions
60. Suspension of social and sports activities
61. Boycott of social affairs
62. Student strike
63. Social disobedience
64. Withdrawal from social institutions
Withdrawal from the social system
65. Stay-at-home
66. Total personal noncooperation
67. Flight of workers
68. Sanctuary
69. Collective disappearance
70. Protest emigration

The methods of economic noncooperation (1):
economic boycotts
action by consumers

71. Consumers’ boycott
72. Nonconsumption of boycotted goods
73. Policy of austerity
74. Rent withholding
75. Refusal to rent
76. National consumers’ boycott
77. International consumers’ boycott
action by workers and producers
78. Workmen’s boycott
79. Producers’ boycott
action by middlemen
80. Suppliers’ and handlers’ boycott
action by owners and management
81. Traders’ boycott
82. Refusal to let or sell property
83. Lockout
84. Refusal of industrial assistance
85. Merchants’ “general strike”
Action by holders of financial resources
86. Withdrawal of bank deposits
87. Refusal to pay fees, dues, and assessments
88. Refusal to pay debts or interest
89. Severance of funds and credit
90. Revenue refusal
91. Refusal of a government’s money
action by governments
92. Domestic embargo
93. Blacklisting of traders
94. International sellers’ embargo
95. International buyers’ embargo
96. International trade embargo

The methods of economic noncooperation (2):
the strike
symbolic strikes

97. Protest strike
98. Quickie walkout (lightning strike)
agricultural strikes
99. Peasant strike
100. Farm workers’ strike
strikes by special groups
101. Refusal of impressed labor
102. Prisoners’ strike
103. Craft strike
104. Professional strike
ordinary industrial strikes
105. Establishment strike
106. Industry strike
107. Sympathetic strike
restricted strikes
108. Detailed strike
109. Bumper strike
110. Slowdown strike
111. Working-to-rule strike
112. Reporting “sick” (sick-in)
113. Strike by resignation
114. Limited strike
115. Selective strike
multi-industry strikes
116. Generalized strike
117. General strike
combinations of strikes and economic closures
118. Hartal
119. Economic shutdown

The methods of political noncooperation
rejection of authority:

120. Withholding or withdrawal of allegiance
121. Refusal of public support
122. Literature and speeches advocating resistance
citizens’ noncooperation with government
123. Boycott of legislative bodies
124. Boycott of elections
125. Boycott of government employment and positions
126. Boycott of government departments, agencies and other bodies
127. Withdrawal from government educational institutions
128. Boycott of government-supported organizations
129. Refusal of assistance to enforcement agents
130. Removal of own signs and placemarks
131. Refusal to accept appointed officials
132. Refusal to dissolve existing institutions citizens’ alternatives to obedience
133. Reluctant and slow compliance
134. Nonobedience in absence of direct supervision
135. Popular nonobedience
136. Disguised disobedience
137. Refusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperse
138. Sitdown
139. Noncooperation with conscription and deportation
140. Hiding, escape and false identities
141. Civil disobedience of “illegitimate” laws action by government personnel
142. Selective refusal of assistance by government aides
143. Blocking of lines of command and information
144. Stalling and obstruction
145. General administrative noncooperation
146. Judicial noncooperation
147. Deliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by
enforcement agents
148. Mutiny Domestic governmental action
149. Quasi-legal evasions and delays
150. Noncooperation by constituent governmental units international governmental action
151. Changes in diplomatic and other representation
152. Delay and cancellation of diplomatic events
153. Withholding of diplomatic recognition
154. Severance of diplomatic relations
155. Withdrawal from international organizations
156. Refusal of membership in international bodies
157. Expulsion from international organizations

The methods of nonviolent intervention psychological intervention:

158. Self-exposure to the elements
159. The fast
(a) Fast of moral pressure
(b) Hunger strike
(c) Satyagrahic fast
160. Reverse trial
161. Nonviolent harassment
physical intervention
162. Sit-in
163. Stand-in
164. Ride-in
165. Wade-in
166. Mill-in
167. Pray-in
168. Nonviolent raids
169. Nonviolent air raids
170. Nonviolent invasion
171. Nonviolent interjection
172. Nonviolent obstruction
173. Nonviolent occupation
social intervention
174. Establishing new social patterns
175. Overloading of facilities
176. Stall-in
177. Speak-in
178. Guerrilla theater
179. Alternative social institutions
180. Alternative communication system
economic intervention
181. Reverse strike
182. Stay-in strike
183. Nonviolent land seizure
184. Defiance of blockades
185. Politically motivated counterfeiting
186. Preclusive purchasing
187. Seizure of assets
188. Dumping
189. Selective patronage
190. Alternative markets
191. Alternative transportation systems
192. Alternative economic institutions
political intervention
193. Overloading of administrative systems
194. Disclosing identities of secret agents
195. Seeking imprisonment
196. Civil disobedience of “neutral” laws
197. Work-on without collaboration
198. Dual sovereignty and parallel government